TitleInfluence of transfusion technique on survival of autologous red blood cells in the dog.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsMcDevitt RI, Ruaux CG, Baltzer WI
JournalJ Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio)
Volume21
Issue3
Pagination209-16
Date Published2011 Jun
ISSN1476-4431
KeywordsAnimals, Biotinylation, Blood Transfusion, Autologous, Cell Survival, Dogs, Erythrocytes, Female, Flow Cytometry, Hospitals, Teaching, Infusion Pumps, Male, Osmotic Fragility, Prospective Studies, Random Allocation, Survival Analysis
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of 3 differing transfusion techniques on survival of autologous canine RBCs.

DESIGN: Prospective, blinded study.

SETTING: University Teaching Hospital.

ANIMALS: Nine healthy dogs.

INTERVENTIONS: Three distinct preparations of RBCs, each representing ~1% of red cell mass, were generated for each dog by biotinylation of RBCs at varying biotin densities. Labeled cells were transfused using 3 techniques (gravity, volumetric pump, syringe pump). Serial determinations of red cell survival were carried out by flow-cytometric analysis of RBCs collected at 7-day intervals for 49 days. In vitro analysis of the effect of transfusion methods on RBC integrity and osmotic fragility were carried out in 7/9 dogs.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: RBCs administered via volumetric and syringe pumps exhibited a marked decrease in short-term probability of survival compared with RBCs delivered by gravity flow. At 24 hours, only 4/8 and 1/7 dogs had surviving cell populations delivered by volumetric and syringe pump, respectively, compared with 8/8 dogs which had surviving cell populations delivered by gravity flow. Circulating half-life of cells surviving at 24 hours after delivery by volumetric pump was not significantly different to that delivered by gravity flow. No significant effect on in vitro RBC integrity or osmotic fragility was detected in relation to transfusion technique.

CONCLUSIONS: Delivery of autologous canine RBCs via mechanical delivery systems was associated with a high risk for early loss of transfused cells.

DOI10.1111/j.1476-4431.2011.00634.x
Alternate JournalJ Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio)
PubMed ID21631706
PubMed Central IDPMC4149293
Grant ListP30 ES000210 / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States
P30 ES00210, / ES / NIEHS NIH HHS / United States